3 September 2011

Natural farming: Feed for swine

Unfortunately, there are few data available to estimate the quantity of forage consumed by pigs and the nutritional value of that forage. Consequently, most nutritionists give little or no nutritional credit to the forage when formulating diets for pigs. A natural diet and stress-free environment produces better-tasting meat that's also healthier to eat.

Micro, small and medium scale piggery operators in conventional pig fattening farms rely on ready mixed feeds mostly composed of local and imported corn, imported soybean meal, synthetic vitamins, minerals, rendered animal gut and bones and antibiotics mixed in feeds. Due to increased cost of imported ingredients, the cost of feeds becomes one of the major cost component in piggery operation. In many cases micro and small pig fattening becomes unprofitable and therefore rubs the rural population of opportunities of added income. The absence of organic certified feedlots and feeds for organic livestock in the Philippines has greatly retarded the development of organic livestock operations.

Composition of feeds and forages

The basic recipe of the feeds is rice bran and different types of crops. Divided into three groups and is all grown in the farm. This ratio is one sack (about 50kg) and ¾ sack (about 5 to 7 kg) of different crops.

Group 1: 50 % Plant source rich in protein , to supply 18-27 % crude protein
Rensoni, Indigofera, Trichantera gigantea or madre de aqua (BAI-Tiaong, Quezon) Saluyot, Azola, Jackfruit, Mulberry, Kadios, Flamenga

Group 2: 30% Vitamins and minerals, micro nutirents
Kamote tops, Kangkong, Native spinach (kulitis), Talinum, Alugbati, Malunggay

Group 3: 20% Herbal nutrient & mineral
For respiratory: Oregano, Lagundi and Banaba
For lactating: Malungay, Lemongrass, Leaves of lady finger chili, and green papaya fruit
For intestinal flu: Avocado, Guava, Star apple, OHN ginger
Deworming: fermented young Ipil-Ipil leaves

Feed design is according to the nutritive cycle theory that is unique to Korean Natural Farming. It enables to read the changing growth stages of a plant or animal. We apply feed precisely according to this cycle. In general, pigs need protein when young phosphoric acid during adolescence and calcium after maturity. The amount of food they need will also change giving them what they need at the right time, age and quantity.




Andy Alex said...

Swine feeds can be corn or soybean meal.A balanced meal with carbohydrates, proteins, fats,vitamins and minerals has good nutritional value.Feeds are available as bulk or bagged custom mixes.

Karen Villarica said...

Thanks for the recipe. is the one sack of 50kg the rice bran and the rest 5-7 kgs the other crops?

Do you have any experience of giving vetiver and napier to the pigs?